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Big Five NEO IPIP  Urdu Translation Full Version 300 Items

Project Director: Minhaaj Rehman, Adjunct Professor, Department of Management Sciences, Islamia University of Bahawalpur

Project was completed in consultation with Dr. Aaron Pincus, Head of Department of Psychology, Penn State University, US.



English to Urdu Principle Translator - Dr Masood Nadeem - Head Department of Psychology, Islamia University of Bahawalpur

Urdu to English Back Translation -       Dr Areeba Khan - Assistant Professor Department of Management Sciences , Islamia University of Bahawalpur.

Coding and Data visualization -   Maximillian Muellenbach - Data Scientist.

Academic Guidance and Support - Dr John A. Johnson, Professor Emeritus, Penn State University (Retired). 

Acknowledgement: Special thanks to Dr. Sanne Burkert for her generous support and encouragement throughout the project. It would not have been possible without your help. 

The Big Five personality traits, also known as the five-factor model (FFM) and the OCEAN model, is a taxonomy, or grouping, for personality traits. When factor analysis (a statistical technique) is applied to personality survey data, some words used to describe aspects of personality are often applied to the same person. For example, someone described as conscientious is more likely to be described as "always prepared" rather than "messy". This theory is based therefore on the association between words but not on neuropsychological experiments. This theory uses descriptors of common language and therefore suggests five broad dimensions commonly used to describe the human personality and psyche.

The five factors are:

  • Openness to experience (inventive/curious vs. consistent/cautious)

  • Conscientiousness (efficient/organized vs. easy-going/careless)

  • Extraversion (outgoing/energetic vs. solitary/reserved)

  • Agreeableness (friendly/compassionate vs. challenging/detached)

  • Neuroticism (sensitive/nervous vs. secure/confident)



Personality disorders and FFM

As of 2002, there were over fifty published studies relating the FFM to personality disorders that confirms the psychopathology predictive ability of FFM scores. Since that time, quite a number of additional studies have expanded on this research base and provided further empirical support for understanding the DSM personality disorders in terms of the FFM domains. Lee Anna Clark asserted that "the five-factor model of personality is widely accepted as representing the higher-order structure of both normal and abnormal personality traits". The five-factor model is claimed to significantly predict all ten personality disorder symptoms and outperform the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI) in the prediction of borderline, avoidant, and dependent personality disorder symptoms.


  • GPA and exam performance are both predicted by conscientiousness

  • Neuroticism is negatively related to academic success

  • Openness predicts utilizing synthesis-analysis and elaborative-processing learning styles

  • Neuroticism negatively correlates with learning styles in general

  • Openness and extraversion both predict all four learning styles.



Research has demonstrated that Agreeableness is negatively related to salary. Those high in Agreeableness make less, on average, than those low in the same trait.

Neuroticism is also negatively related to salary while Conscientiousness and Extraversion are positive predictors of salary.

Occupational self-efficacy has also been shown to be positively correlated with conscientiousness and negatively correlated with neuroticism.

Significant predictors of career-advancement goals are: extraversion, conscientiousness, and agreeableness. Some research has also suggested that the Conscientiousness of a supervisor is positively associated with an employee's perception of abusive supervision. While others have suggested that those with low agreeableness and high neuroticism are traits more related to abusive supervision.





Dating couples

Self-reported relationship quality is negatively related to partner-reported neuroticism and positively related to both self and partner-reported conscientiousness.

Engaged couples

Self-reported relationship quality was higher among those high in partner-reported openness, agreeableness and conscientiousness.

Self-reported relationship quality was higher among those high in self-reported extraversion and agreeableness.

Self-reported relationship quality is negatively related to both self and partner-reported neuroticism

Observers rated the relationship quality higher if the participating partner's self-reported extraversion was high.

Married couples

High self-reported neuroticism, extraversion, and agreeableness are related to high levels of self-reported relationship quality

Partner-reported agreeableness is related to observed relationship quality

Research Methodology:


  • Bagby RM, Sellbom M, Costa PT, Widiger TA (April 2008). "PredictingDiagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-IV personality disorders with the five-factor model of personality and the personality psychopathology five". Personality and Mental Health. 2 (2): 55–69. doi:10.1002/pmh.33.

  • Camps J, Stouten J, Euwema M (February 2016). "The relation between supervisors' big five personality traits and employees' experiences of abusive supervision". Frontiers in Psychology. 10(7): 112.

  • Clark LA (2007). "Assessment and diagnosis of personality disorder: perennial issues and an emerging reconceptualization". Annual Review of Psychology. 58: 227–57. doi:10.1146/annurev.psych.57.102904.190200. PMID 16903806.

  • Depue R, Fu Y (2012). "Neurobiology and neurochemistry of temperament in adults.". In Zentner M, Shiner R (eds.). Handbook of Temperament. New York: Guilford Publications. pp. 368–399.

  • Holland AS, Roisman GI (October 2008). "Big five personality traits and relationship quality: Self-reported, observational, and physiological evidence" (PDF). Journal of Social and Personal Relationships. 25 (5): 811–829. doi:10.1177/0265407508096697. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2 March 2013. Retrieved 12 April 2012.

  • Komarraju M, Karau SJ, Schmeck RR, Avdic A (September 2011). "The Big Five personality traits, learning styles, and academic achievement". Personality and Individual Differences. 51 (4): 472–7. doi:10.1016/j.paid.2011.04.019.

  • Mullins-Sweatt SN, Widiger TA (2006). "The five-factor model of personality disorder: A translation across science and practice.". In Krueger R, Tackett J (eds.). Personality and psychopathology: Building bridges. New York: Guilford. pp. 39–70.

  • Spurk D, Abele AE (16 June 2010). "Who Earns More and Why? A Multiple Mediation Model from Personality to Salary". Journal of Business and Psychology. 26: 87–103. doi:10.1007/s10869-010-9184-3.

  • Tepper BJ (June 2007). "Abusive supervision in work organizations: Review, synthesis, and research agenda". Journal of Management. 33 (3): 261–89. doi:10.1177/0149206307300812.

  • The five-factor model and personality disorder empirical literature: A meta-analytic review. LM Saulsman, AC Page – Clinical Psychology Review, 2004 – Elsevier Science

  • Trofimova I, Christiansen J (April 2016). "Coupling of Temperament with Mental Illness in Four Age Groups". Psychological Reports. 118 (2): 387–412. doi:10.1177/0033294116639430. PMID 27154370.

  • Trofimova I, Robbins TW (May 2016). "Temperament and arousal systems: A new synthesis of differential psychology and functional neurochemistry". Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews. 64: 382–402. doi:10.1016/j.neubiorev.2016.03.008. PMID 26969100.

  • Trofimova I, Sulis W (2016). "Benefits of Distinguishing between Physical and Social-Verbal Aspects of Behavior: An Example of Generalized Anxiety". Frontiers in Psychology. 7: 338. doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2016.00338. PMC 4789559. PMID 27014146.

  • Widiger TA, Costa PT. Jr. Five-Factor model personality disorder research. In: Costa Paul T Jr, Widiger Thomas A., editors. Personality disorders and the five-factor model of personality. 2nd. Washington, DC, US: American Psychological Association; 2002. pp. 59–87. 2002.

  • Zeidner M, Shani-Zinovich I (11 Oct 2011). "Do academically gifted and nongifted students differ on the Big-Five and adaptive status? Some recent data and conclusions". Personality and Individual Differences. 51 (5): 566–570.

P.S. Translation is purely for educational and self-awareness purposes and collaborators do not claim any responsibility for its use or misuse. The full IPIP contains 3,320 items assembled by Dr. Lewis R. Goldberg. The URL for Dr. Goldberg's IPIP is . The IPIP is in the public domain and its items can be freely downloaded from that site. The IPIP-NEO is not equivalent to the commercial inventory on which it is based, the NEO PI-R®, authored by Paul T. Costa, Jr. and Robert R. McCrae. The genuine NEO PI-R® (240 items) is considered by many psychologists to be the best inventory for measuring traits within the Five Factor Model (FFM) of personality. The NEO PI-R® is copyrighted by Psychological Assessment Resources (PAR) in Florida, and can only be ordered by professionals and used by permission. You can contact PAR at: 1-800-331-TEST, or

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